The City of Phoenix is located in the heart of the Sonoran Desert and was built on land once farmed by the Hohokam. The canals that run through greater Phoenix area are built where the Hohokam laid them out 2,000 years ago. Over 200 miles of irrigation canals enabled the tribe to farm the desert. The continuous occupation of the Valley of the Sun from those times to the present means that Phoenix is the oldest continuously occupied urban area in the U.S.
Phoenix has an average annual rainfall of 7.66 inches, an average annual temperature of 72.6 degrees and an annual high temperature of 85 degrees. Phoenix is home to the largest municipal park in the world (see the South Mountain Community), and there are six lakes within a 75 minute drive of Phoenix (and another in Tempe). Phoenix is served by Sky Harbor International Airport, which is conveniently located near the downtown area.
The rapid growth of the region means that the Phoenix metropolitan area is the sixth largest city in the country. As a result, it has every amenity, form of entertainment, and resource anyone would want. A small selection of those include:
Indy Car and NASCAR events at Phoenix International Raceway and at Firebird International Raceway; Major automotive auctions, such as Barrett-Jackson; the Desert Botanical Garden (the world’s largest collection of desert plants); Taliesin West (home of the Frank Lloyd Wright Foundation); Museums to suit nearly every taste – the Phoenix Art Museum (the Southwest’s largest art museum), the Arizona Science Center, Pueblo Grande Museum and Cultural Park (Native American), the Phoenix Museum of History, and the Heard Museum which has an extensive collection of Native American artifacts, including the largest kachina doll collection of any museum in the country; Spring Training Baseball; Major Equestrian events, such as the Arabian Horse Show; Golf tournaments, such as the Phoenix Open; Professional sports, including baseball (the Diamondbacks), hockey (the Coyotes), football (the Cardinals) and basketball (the Suns).